Curriculum Vitae

I was born in Łódź, Poland in 1934. My family in spite of being ethnically Jewish spoke exclusively Polish – my mother did not know Yiddish at all.

My father, who was an expert in textile industry graduated at the prestigious technical university in Verviers, Belgium, was the director of a family-owned medium-size factory in Zduńska Wola near Łódź. My mother has no formal profession – she did not need to work because there was no financial necessity. She and my father were well versed in the Polish and western culture, and the atmosphere of culture shaped me from the early childhood.

My life changed radically when the German army occupied Łódź in September 1939 -I just had my 5-th birthday. Since our family was officially considered as Jewish, we were obliged to wear David’s yellow star in public places on a sleeve of our outdoors garments. It was shocking.

During the German occupation being a Jew meant to be sentenced to death. Fortunately, my closest family, that is, my mother and father survived. As far as the rest is concerned out of 12 people besides my parents survived only three persons: my mother’s sister Iza, my cousin Olek and his father. The rest of the family perished gassed and burned in Auschwitz and Treblinka.

In 1942 Adolf Hitler decided to implement the so-called final solution, that is to kill all Jews in Poland. My whole family dispersed because living together as too dangerous. My parents were living separately pretending to be Poles using purchased on the black market Polish identification documents while I lived with various Polish families under a presence of being some kind of a relative.

In 1944 when Soviet army entered the village where my family reunited, the nightmare of German occupation ended. Poland received limited independence and life returned to some normality. We also returned to our prewar apartment in Łódź and my father, as an expert in his field, was employed as the director of technology of the nationalized industry of woolen fabrics. It was rather unusual because being co-owner of a factory before the war,  from the new Communist regime, he represented the so-called class enemy.

This relatively normal period ended when Stalin in 1948, as a result of one of his attack of paranoia, decided to impose strict oppression which lasted until his death. It was indeed another period darkness. Since my father was branded as a “class enemy” he was immediately thrown out work and became unemployed. I,  as a descendant of the class enemy, was barred from studying at any university. It was particularly devastating because I had a clear predisposition to become a scientist.

However, utilizing the survival skills acquired during the German occupation, I managed to qualify as an exception, and in 1951 I enrolled as a student at the University of Warsaw. I originally studied physics, but after a year I changed the field of my studies to mathematics. At the university, I was privileged to meet as teachers several great Polish mathematicians among them  Wacław Sierpiński, Karol Borsuk and Andrzej Mostowski, Stanisław Mazur and a few others. I wrote my master thesis under the direction of professor Borsuk a brilliant mathematician and a wonderful person.

Before finishing my studies, I began to work at the Department of Mathematical Machines of the Polish Academy of Science (PAN).  Four years later I became Director of Research and Development of the Institute of the Mathematical Machines of  PAN  – the Department has been elevated to the Institute which employed more than 350 employees.

I obtained the Ph. D degrees in 1960. The topic was a method of finding the nonlinearly constrained maximum in Cartesian spaces. This method was based on the idea of  “potential function” introduced by a Norwegian mathematician  K.R. Frisch for linear programming.

During the period 1964 -1965 I briefly held a position of the Director of the Department of Computer Application in the Ministry for Electronic Computation in Poland.

In 1967, I received an invitation to from the University of Waterloo to assume there the position of a Visiting Professor. Since the Communist regime forbade any form emigration to “capitalistic” countries so under a false presence I left Poland for Canada. A year later in and in 1968, I received a proposal to assume the position of tenured Professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science at the University of Waterloo. I accepted it knowing well that my relation with Poland could be severed forever since staying abroad without proper permission was considered a crime. After a few years, I received Canadian citizenship which I held until now.

The University of Waterloo offered me excellent conditions for research and very soon  I re-started my work on conditional maxima. The main results were published in two papers:  “The potential method for conditional maxima in the locally compact metric spaces,”  “A generalization of the potential method for conditional maxima on the Banach, reflexive spaces” and  “An exact potential method for constrained maxima“ co-authored by my ex. Ph.D. students A. R. Conn.

In 1970 I decided to change my area of research to the theoretical artificial intelligence,  so-called mechanical theorem proving. As a result, I produced two papers: “A Complete Mechanization of Second-Order Type Theory” and  “Mechanizing Omega-Order Type Theory Through Unification.”  The second paper was a result of the cooperation with a young, brilliant mathematician D.C. Jensen. Unfortunately, before the paper was published, he was killed in a tragic traffic accident.

After the death of Jensen, I abandoned to work on mechanical theorem proving and began a long-lasting research cooperation with my another Ph.D. student and friend  P.T. Cox (now a retired deputy dean of the Faculty of Computer Science, at Dalhousie University). As the result of this, we published several papers: some in the area of artificial intelligence and others in visual programming. As the most important I consider: “Using a pictorial representation to combine data flow and object-orientation in a language-independent programming paradigm”(Visual Programming) and “Incorporating equality into logic programming via surface deduction” (Artificial Intelligence). 1995 we were joined by Emmanuel Knill and produced a few papers. The most important I believe is: “Completing Fault Models for Abductive Diagnosis.” All my publications are listed in Research Gate ( following the link).

In the year 2000, I retired from Dalhousie University and decided to stop my research activity. Soon after we left Canada for France.

Until that, I focused mainly on my research activity, but it does not provide a complete picture. Other aspects of my life were dedicated to a very different field activity: the philosophy of mind and its training.  In 1975, I met Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche, in short: CRT who became my teacher. He was a sage, and the human being in the fullest sense. He was a meditation master, an expert in Buddhist and Shambhala teachings, poet, calligrapher and much more. He has a sharp sense of humor combined with incredible care of the well-being of his students. As a result, I immersed myself in practice and studies of CRT’s modern version of Buddhism and Shambhala.

My relation with CRT went beyond study and practice of Buddhism and Shambhala. It affected my personal life profoundly. Thanks to that, I met my wife, and we became married in 1979. It also had a very unusual effect: thanks to my involvement in Shambhala I decided to enter into the world of business.

1978 CRT also presented the teaching Shambhala about, so-called, Enlightened Society. The vision of this Enlightened Society though based on the semi-mythical Kingdom of Shambhala, was thoroughly modern in a psychological,  scientific and technological sense. To put it more succinctly: the vision was thoroughly pragmatic and I fully engaged myself in its realization.

Soon after introducing the teachings of Shambhala, in 1978,  CRT requested me to become a Director of Shambhala Training, and in 1980 I also become a senior teacher of Buddhism.  In 1981 I I became responsible for Shambhala Training in Canada.  During this period I concluded that it is important for non-professional to learn computer programming. I decided to use for that created by myself in cooperation with a few other researchers a visual programming language called Prograph. I thought that it might have an important, positive social effects by giving people the power to create their software applications. Consequently, with my friend and co-creator P.T. Cox we decided to use the results of our research on Prograph and in 1984 we created a business venture called The Gunakara Sun System – TGS System in short (this name was suggested CTR)

In 1987 CRT died at the age of 47. After losing his guidance,  I stopped my Buddhist and Shambhala studies and fully engaged myself in running TGS Systems. After the initial success (several awards among them Apple Best Software Tool of the Year, the company began to deteriorate. 1993  I broke the association with it TGS systems. Later on, its name was changed to Prograph International Ltd. Finally, it ended its operation 1995.

In 1995 I met Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche a renown teacher of Dzogchen and painter, and I became his student. I continue the study and practice of Dzogchen under the His guidance till now.

In 2000 I retired from the Dalhousie University and moved to France where I continue to reside until now with the four years long interruption by my stay in Poland.

Now I am retired from the public teaching of both Buddhism and Shambhala though I teach privately small groups. I dedicated the rest of my life to two projects. The first involves describing some aspects the Dzogchen teachings regarding modern mathematics and theoretical physics. However, it is too complex for me to proceed single-handedly so if I do not find other researchers interested in cooperation this project will not continue. The second one, however, I hope to do myself though cooperation would enrich and make it more realistic. It is dedicated to the proposal of a modern egalitarian society based on some aspects of the Neolithic egalitarian civilization Trypillia Cucuteni.

Before ending I would like to express my deep gratitude to three persons: my original teacher of Buddhism and Shambhala Chogyam Trungpa, Rinpoche, my present teacher of Dzogchen, Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche and particularly to my wife, Chandali Pietrzykowska with whom, I have shared almost 40 years of my life and without her support and love I would not be able to continue to live.